I. Valodka “EU textile and clothing international trade influence on global carbon dioxide emissions” doctoral dissertation defence

Thesis Defense

Author, Institution: Ignas Valodka, Kaunas University of Technology

Science area, field of science: Social Sciences, Economics, S004

Scientific Supervisor: Prof. dr. Vytautas Snieška (Kaunas University of Technology, Social Sciences, Economics, S004)

Dissertation Defence Board of Economics Science Field:
Prof. Dr. Daiva Dumčiuvienė (Kaunas University of Technology, Social Sciences, Economics, S004) – chairperson
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aleksandr Ključnikov (College of Business and Law, a.S., Czech Rep. Social Sciences, Economics, S004)
Prof. Dr. Vaida Pilinkienė (Kaunas University of Technology, Social Sciences, Economics, S004)
Prof. Dr. Vlada Vitunskienė (Vytautas Magnus University,  Social Sciences, Economics, S004)
Prof. Dr. Dalia Štreimikienė (Lithuanian Energy Institute, Social Sciences, Economics, S004)

The dissertation defence takes place online.

The doctoral dissertation is available at the library of Kaunas University of Technology (K. Donelaičio g. 20, Kaunas).


Globally, over the past few decades, researchers have focused on climate change and environmental pollution due to its impact on billions of human lives. Many countries are making efforts to comply with climate agreements. The EU plays a leadership role in fighting climate change. However, more and more authors agree that product flows in the complicated global supply chains might have significantly affected EU CO2 emissions. Inaccurate CO2 emission estimations might lead to negative consequences on climate change. There is a lack of research evaluating international trade impact on EU CO2 emissions at the sectoral level. Especially it is important to estimate highly polluted, high emission-intensive, and low-value production sectors, such as the textile and clothing (TC) sector. This dissertation solves this problem by proposing an alternative evaluation method based on the multi-regional input-output (MRIO) method, which allows to calculate and track all the CO2 emissions emitted in the TC global supply chain via international trade. The quantitative empirical research found significantly larger amounts of CO2 emissions in the EU TC sector comparing to traditional production-based estimations. Empirical research found 4 times more CO2 emissions in Germany. 75% of total consumed CO2 emissions in Germany were embodied in imports. International trade growth has a positive influence on EU CO2 emissions in the short term. In the long term, international trade has a lowering impact on CO2 emissions.

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